Impulse Response of Repeated PolesIn the time domain, repeated poles give rise to polynomial amplitude envelopes on the decaying exponentials corresponding to the (stable) poles. For example, in the case of a single pole repeated twice, we have
Proof: First note that
Note that is a first-order polynomial in . Similarly, a pole repeated three times corresponds to an impulse-response component that is an exponential decay multiplied by a quadratic polynomial in , and so on. As long as , the impulse response will eventually decay to zero, because exponential decay always overtakes polynomial growth in the limit as goes to infinity.
So What's Up with Repeated Poles?