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Correlation Theorem

Theorem: For all $ x,y\in{\bf C}^N$,

$\displaystyle \zbox {x\star y \;\longleftrightarrow\;\overline{X}\cdot Y}

where the correlation operation `$ \star$' was defined in §7.2.5.


(x\star y)_n
&\isdef & \sum_{m=0}^{N-1}\overline{x(m)}y(n+m)...
...t y\right)_n \\
&\;\longleftrightarrow\;& \overline{X} \cdot Y

The last step follows from the convolution theorem and the result $ \hbox{\sc Flip}(\overline{x}) \;\longleftrightarrow\;\overline{X}$ from §7.4.2. Also, the summation range in the second line is equivalent to the range $ [N-1,0]$ because all indexing is modulo $ N$.

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Dual of the Convolution Theorem