## Forums Search for: Z Transform

## Stability of IIR Filters

inFolks, First let me ask this: Does the Fs/2-wide sinc function, interpolating at some fractional sample offset, have a z-transform? I don't...

Folks, First let me ask this: Does the Fs/2-wide sinc function, interpolating at some fractional sample offset, have a z-transform? I don't think so, but I thought I'd verify. Now it can be shown that a fractionally interpolating sinc function can generate an infinite output with bounded input. This is commonly described as an unstable filter. BI does not imply BO. For the class of II...

## Looking for old TRW app note "Intro to the Z Transform".

inHi, Years ago I obtained a really good explanation ofhe Z Transform called "introduction to the Z transform and its derivation" by Karwoski....

Hi, Years ago I obtained a really good explanation ofhe Z Transform called "introduction to the Z transform and its derivation" by Karwoski. This was a TRW app note. I have since lost my copy and was amazed to find that I could not find it on the internet. That division of TRW that was responsible for the app note haschanged hands a couple of time and that link is lost, I am sure. Does ...

## windowing DFT vs FFT (newbie)

inHello, I wrote a program in Java that does a DFT on raw 8bit samples stored in memory from a RF ADC (Post processing). This allows me to...

Hello, I wrote a program in Java that does a DFT on raw 8bit samples stored in memory from a RF ADC (Post processing). This allows me to easily adjust the span (zoom) when I'm viewing the spectrum. Works great, but slow as hell. So I'm now trying an FFT with a Chirp Z-Transform so I can zoom in on the desired frequency and look for subtle modulation characteristics. I borrowed this code fr...

## Z-Transform - ROC

inHi friends! I got a basic doubt in the theoritical dsp. Hope some one can help me. My actual question is: Consider a sequence...

Hi friends! I got a basic doubt in the theoritical dsp. Hope some one can help me. My actual question is: Consider a sequence x(n) whose z-transform is X(z) and ROC is characterized by Rx. Consider another sequence y(n) with z-transform Y(z) and ROC Ry. Now suppose that Rx and Ry are mutually exclusive that is their intersection region is a null-set. Now if I define h(n) as co...

## Question about the z-transform for ARMA modelling

inHello! I have some questions about the z-transform and what to use it for in for example ARMA-filters. I know it is used to find poles and...

Hello! I have some questions about the z-transform and what to use it for in for example ARMA-filters. I know it is used to find poles and zeros, but what else? Consider an ARMA filter: y(t)+a1*y(t-1)+a2*y(t-2)=x(t)+c1*x(t-1)+c2*x(t-2) After z-tranformation it can be written: Y(z)=H(z)*X(z) where ...

## ESP article Chirp Z transform questions/problems

inI read the article and downloaded the code (below). Problem is every compiler I have tried (CodeComposer, gnu, VisualC++) has problems with the...

I read the article and downloaded the code (below). Problem is every compiler I have tried (CodeComposer, gnu, VisualC++) has problems with the notations: double[][] xxxx (I indicate occurrences in the code below with '

## what is the z-transform of sinc function?

inCan anybody tell me what is the z-transform of "sinc" function and what is its region of convergence? Thanks a lot, -Joenyim

Can anybody tell me what is the z-transform of "sinc" function and what is its region of convergence? Thanks a lot, -Joenyim

## [Q] How can the chirp-z transform be used in resampling?

inDSP Gurus: I'm familiar with the classic interpolate-filter-decimate approach to multirate DSP. I've heard that the chirp-z transform can be...

DSP Gurus: I'm familiar with the classic interpolate-filter-decimate approach to multirate DSP. I've heard that the chirp-z transform can be used to resample a signal also. Can anyone provide additional information or references (other than Google search results)? Thanks, OUP

## FIR gain

inI have an FIR filter with the system equation y[n] = 0.25x[n]+0.5x[n-1]+0.25x[n-2] which gives an impulse response of h = [0.25 0.5...

I have an FIR filter with the system equation y[n] = 0.25x[n]+0.5x[n-1]+0.25x[n-2] which gives an impulse response of h = [0.25 0.5 0.25] without resorting to Z-transform analysis, how can I work out the gain of the filter at DC and at the half nyquist frequency? I think the gain of the filter at DC is the sum of the impulse response, in this case 1. but what about the half-nyquist? ...

## Laplace to Z transform for second order lag.

inI have a problem with verifying the results for the conversion of a Laplace transform to a z transform. The Laplace transform is in a table and...

I have a problem with verifying the results for the conversion of a Laplace transform to a z transform. The Laplace transform is in a table and is: (b-a)/((s+a)*(s+b)) The z transform for this transfer function is: ( z*(exp(-a*T)-exp(-b*T))/((z-exp(-a*T)*(z-exp(-b*T)) Now let: a=1 b=2 T=.001 Where a and b are the poles and T is the sample interval. When s-> 0 the Laplace transfer

## Obtaining inverse z-transform of given expression

inHi group! I need to determine the impulseresponse for a system with...

Hi group! I need to determine the impulseresponse for a system with the transferfunction $$ H(z)=\frac{1-0.5z^{-1}}{1-z^{-1}+0.5z^{-2}} $$ Knowing that the impulserespone is the inverse z-transform of H I thought this would be no problem. However after performing partialfraction decomposition im unable to locate any known z-transforms (that I can look up in a table), so im kind of stuck...

## Question about Z transform of decimation

inHi, I am learning about digital decimation. The problem is like this: Z-transform of input sequence and filter aree X(z), H(z)...

Hi, I am learning about digital decimation. The problem is like this: Z-transform of input sequence and filter aree X(z), H(z) respectively. After the filter H(z), there is a 2 decimation. From one book talking about decimation, it says the Z-transform of output sequence after decimation is: V(z)=(1/2)*[H(z^(1/2)*X(z^(1/2))+H(-z^(1/2)*X(-z^(1/2))] I have learned Z transform, but no Z tr...

## phase angle problems

inHi, I'm having some problems with phase angles, in the context of frequency response of a digital filter from its Z transform. I'm just not...

Hi, I'm having some problems with phase angles, in the context of frequency response of a digital filter from its Z transform. I'm just not "getting it". I've been looking around the 'web for relevant material, but all the stuff I've been finding is beyond this and just assumes that the reader can do this stuff. Say you've got a filter with transfer function: H(z) = z ------...

## equivalence between Z-transform and Laplace-Transform

inHi all, I am studying a digital phase locked loop. The closed loop filter of this loop has the following Z-Transform : H(z) =...

Hi all, I am studying a digital phase locked loop. The closed loop filter of this loop has the following Z-Transform : H(z) = ((K1+K2)*z^-1 - K1*z^-2) / (1 + (K1+K2-2)*z^-1 + (1-K1)*z^-2) I would like to know the damping factor and the natural pulse of the equivalent time continuous filter H(p). by equivalent, I mean a filter H(p) that would give in the time domain, the same resp...

## Re: equivalence between Z-transform and Laplace-Transform

AG wrote: > Hi Tim, -- snip -- > > > The term "damping ratio" is much more slippery when you're talking > > about discrete-time...

AG wrote: > Hi Tim, -- snip -- > > > The term "damping ratio" is much more slippery when you're talking > > about discrete-time systems. Assuming that I'm not messing up the > > math, if you find the pole locations of your transfer function, z_0 = > > e^{jw + q) then the "damping ratio" is > > > > zeta = q / sqrt(w^2 + q^2). > > What I finally discovered in reading books, is that

## How to get the inverse Z-transform of the following expression?

1 H(Z) = --------------------------------- ( 1+0.81*Z^(-2) )( 1+0.81Z^(2) ) So far, only could I get is the...

1 H(Z) = --------------------------------- ( 1+0.81*Z^(-2) )( 1+0.81Z^(2) ) So far, only could I get is the inverse of 1 H1(Z) = -------------------- ( 1+0.81*Z^(-2) ) or 1 H2(Z) = -------------------- ( 1+0.81*Z^(2) ) Any ideas? thanks.

## Shameless Plug

inI will be presenting two topics at the 2005 Embedded Systems Conference San Francisco next March -- see http://www.esconline.com/sf/ for show...

I will be presenting two topics at the 2005 Embedded Systems Conference San Francisco next March -- see http://www.esconline.com/sf/ for show details. "Basic Control Theory for the Software Engineer" is as much information on the z-transform as I can fit into 90 minutes. It gives a high-altitude overview of designing software control loops in a systematic manner. "PID Without a Ph...

## DFT z-transform help needed

inHi, I have the following questions that I am stuck on. Could you please help in solving them or at least point me in the direction that can help...

Hi, I have the following questions that I am stuck on. Could you please help in solving them or at least point me in the direction that can help me? Thanks. A given sequence x has x[n]=0 for n outside the range 0

## Simple z-transform question

inHi, The transfer function for a lossy integrater is H(z) = z/(z-c) the magnitude spectrum is given by M(f) = |z|/|z-c| so lets...

Hi, The transfer function for a lossy integrater is H(z) = z/(z-c) the magnitude spectrum is given by M(f) = |z|/|z-c| so lets say I have a c value of 0.8, how do I plot M(f)? I simply tried plugging in values for z ni the range of 0 to 1, but this does not give me what I would expect and I think I'm totally misunderstanding the z transorm. Any help?

## Z-transform: Final Value theorem

inHi, I have encountered a strange conceptual problem while calculating value of sequence x(n) at Inf. the function x(n) is defined as x(n)...

Hi, I have encountered a strange conceptual problem while calculating value of sequence x(n) at Inf. the function x(n) is defined as x(n) = 1 when n is even 0 otherwise. I calculated z-transform of x(n) to be X(z) = 1/(z^2 -1); ROC : |z| = 1; -- (1) Query1 : Have I calculated the transform correctly? Transfrom seems to exist only on the unit circle. Now, In order to ca...