Sir, Iam trying to implement Linear phase IIR filter. My problem is that i want to reset the state variable of the Elliptic lowpass filter i want your suggestions in doing that task. If anyone came across ftpsite of Linear phase iir filter source code please send me. Thanks in advance, shamganth.k 

Implementation of Linear phase IIR filter
Started by ●September 26, 2003
Reply by ●September 27, 200320030927
Please help me to understand this. I thought linear phase IIR filter is impossible. A linear phase filter must be symmetric about some point in time domain. If it is infinitely long (as in an IIR), it must have infinite delay as well (i.e., the symmetry center is infinitely away from time 0). Do I miss something? Feng Original Message From: sham ganth [mailto:] Sent: Friday, September 26, 2003 3:35 AM To: Subject: [matlab] Implementation of Linear phase IIR filter Sir, Iam trying to implement Linear phase IIR filter. My problem is that i want to reset the state variable of the Elliptic lowpass filter i want your suggestions in doing that task. If anyone came across ftpsite of Linear phase iir filter source code please send me. Thanks in advance, shamganth.k _____________________________________ Note: If you do a simple "reply" with your email client, only the author of this message will receive your answer. You need to do a "reply all" if you want your answer to be distributed to the entire group. _____________________________________ About this discussion group: To Join: To Post: To Leave: Archives: http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/matlab More DSPRelated Groups: http://www.dsprelated.com/groups.php3 ">http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/> . 

Reply by ●September 27, 200320030927
 Feng Ouyang <> wrote: > Please help me to understand this. I thought linear > phase IIR filter is > impossible. A linear phase filter must be symmetric > about some point in > time domain. If it is infinitely long (as in an > IIR), it must have infinite > delay as well (i.e., the symmetry center is > infinitely away from time 0). > Do I miss something? > > Feng Hi , No you are not missing. I guess people use time reversal impulse response technique to generate zero phase IIR filters. Some people design an appoximate linear phase IIR filters and it really depends on what accuracy level(phase linearity) the original poster wants. It is worth to look into the following paper http://kondor.etf.bg.ac.yu/~lutovac/pdf/tels99lm.pdf Santosh nath > Original Message > From: sham ganth [mailto:] > Sent: Friday, September 26, 2003 3:35 AM > To: > Subject: [matlab] Implementation of Linear phase IIR > filter > > Sir, > Iam trying to implement Linear phase IIR filter. My > problem is that i > want to reset the state variable of the Elliptic > lowpass filter i > want your suggestions in doing that task. If anyone > came across > ftpsite of Linear phase iir filter source code > please send me. > Thanks in advance, > shamganth.k > > _____________________________________ > Note: If you do a simple "reply" with your email > client, only the author of > this message will receive your answer. You need to > do a "reply all" if you > want your answer to be distributed to the entire > group. > > _____________________________________ > About this discussion group: > > To Join: > > To Post: > > To Leave: > > Archives: http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/matlab > > More DSPRelated Groups: > http://www.dsprelated.com/groups.php3 > > ">http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/> . > __________________________________ 
Reply by ●September 27, 200320030927
Feng, You are confusing phase response with impulse response. You *can* have an infinite impulse response but still have a linear phase response. Try plotting the phase and magnitude response of the following IIR function: h(z) = (1 + 2*z^1 + 2*z^2 + z^3)/(1 + 4*z^2). Or better yet, look at the response of a Butterworth IIR filter. Thanks, Chatonda  Feng Ouyang <> wrote: > Please help me to understand this. I thought linear phase IIR filter is > impossible. A linear phase filter must be symmetric about some point in > time domain. If it is infinitely long (as in an IIR), it must have infinite > delay as well (i.e., the symmetry center is infinitely away from time 0). > Do I miss something? > > Feng > Original Message > From: sham ganth [mailto:] > Sent: Friday, September 26, 2003 3:35 AM > To: > Subject: [matlab] Implementation of Linear phase IIR filter > > Sir, > Iam trying to implement Linear phase IIR filter. My problem is that i > want to reset the state variable of the Elliptic lowpass filter i > want your suggestions in doing that task. If anyone came across > ftpsite of Linear phase iir filter source code please send me. > Thanks in advance, > shamganth.k > > _____________________________________ > Note: If you do a simple "reply" with your email client, only the author of > this message will receive your answer. You need to do a "reply all" if you > want your answer to be distributed to the entire group. > > _____________________________________ > About this discussion group: > > To Join: > > To Post: > > To Leave: > > Archives: http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/matlab > > More DSPRelated Groups: http://www.dsprelated.com/groups.php3 > > ">http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/> . > ===== __________________________________ 

Reply by ●September 28, 200320030928
Hello Friends, The topic of designing linear phase IIR filters is very interesting. I am attaching some relevant material from "Multirate Systems and Filter Banks" by Vaidyanathan (1993), page 37. It says that causal stable IIR linear phase filters are impossible to design ! (Of course, we are asked to prove it !) Regards, Nalin Original Message From: Chatonda Mtika [mailto:] Sent: Sunday, September 28, 2003 12:12 AM To: ; sham ganth; Subject: RE: [matlab] Implementation of Linear phase IIR filter Feng, You are confusing phase response with impulse response. You *can* have an infinite impulse response but still have a linear phase response. Try plotting the phase and magnitude response of the following IIR function: h(z) = (1 + 2*z^1 + 2*z^2 + z^3)/(1 + 4*z^2). Or better yet, look at the response of a Butterworth IIR filter. Thanks, Chatonda  Feng Ouyang <> wrote: > Please help me to understand this. I thought linear phase IIR filter is > impossible. A linear phase filter must be symmetric about some point in > time domain. If it is infinitely long (as in an IIR), it must have infinite > delay as well (i.e., the symmetry center is infinitely away from time 0). > Do I miss something? > > Feng > Original Message > From: sham ganth [mailto:] > Sent: Friday, September 26, 2003 3:35 AM > To: > Subject: [matlab] Implementation of Linear phase IIR filter > > Sir, > Iam trying to implement Linear phase IIR filter. My problem is that i > want to reset the state variable of the Elliptic lowpass filter i > want your suggestions in doing that task. If anyone came across > ftpsite of Linear phase iir filter source code please send me. > Thanks in advance, > shamganth.k > > _____________________________________ > Note: If you do a simple "reply" with your email client, only the author of > this message will receive your answer. You need to do a "reply all" if you > want your answer to be distributed to the entire group. > > _____________________________________ > About this discussion group: > > To Join: > > To Post: > > To Leave: > > Archives: http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/matlab > > More DSPRelated Groups: http://www.dsprelated.com/groups.php3 > > ">http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/> . > ===== __________________________________ _____________________________________ Note: If you do a simple "reply" with your email client, only the author of this message will receive your answer. You need to do a "reply all" if you want your answer to be distributed to the entire group. _____________________________________ About this discussion group: To Join: To Post: To Leave: Archives: http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/matlab More DSPRelated Groups: http://www.dsprelated.com/groups.php3 ">http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/  
 

Reply by ●September 30, 200320030930
Dear ALL,
This is the first time am writing something to this group........
Coming straight to the point of linear phase IIR Filter design.
Yes, it is possible to design linear phase IIR Filter.
To prove above point......lets start with the very basic thing which
is
pretty clear to all.....The Linear Phase FIR Filter.
Here let say A0, A1, A2, A3, A4,.....Ap (0 <= p < N) are
the coefficients.
Then.........
N1
_
Yn =
\ (Ap * Xnp)
/_
p=0
Taking Z Transform on both sides we have.........
N1
_
p
Y(z) =
\ [ Ap * X(z) * z
]
/_
p=0
N1
_
p
H(z) = Y(z) =
\ [ Ap * z
]
X(z) /_
p=0
jkw/N
H(w) = M(w) *
e .....................Here M(w) is Magnitude
response
and other is Linear Phase response
also k = 0......N1
Now lets invert the above equation.....
jkw/N
Hi(w) = Y(w) = 1 /
[ M(w) *
e ]
X(z)
N1
_
p
Hi(z) = Y(z) = 1
/ {
\ [ Ap * z
]
}
X(z)
/_
p=0
N1
_
p
\ [ Ap *
Y(z) * z ] = X(z)
/_
p=0
N1
_
\ (Ap *
Ynp) = Xn
/_
p=0
N1
_
A0*Yn +
\ (Ap *
Ynp) =
Xn
/_
p=1
N1
_
Yn = B0*Xn
 \ (Bp *
Ynp) ..........Here Bp = Ap/A0
/_
where 0 <= p < N
p=1
Above equation is a linear Phase IIR.
Hence,
a LPF in FIR can be represented as a HPF in IIR
a BPF in FIR can be represented as a BSF in IIR
and vice versa........(As frequency domain response is reversed)
Hope this explanation suffice your requirement.
Well thats it!.......this is tirthankar signin off.......till then take
care.....BYE
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Reply by ●September 30, 200320030930
Ooops, the example I gave the other day was incorrect. This is what it should have been: Let N(z) = (1 + z^1)^p = b(z^2) + c(z^2)/z (for p >= 2) Then H(z) = N(z)/b(z^2) is linear phase IIR. example: take p=3 N(z) = 1 + 3*z^1 + 3*z^2 + z^3 = (1 + 3*z^2) + (3 + z^2)/z b(z^2) = 1 + 3*z^2 Butterworth wavelets (Martin Viterli, et al) fall into this group. chatonda  Tirthankar De <> wrote: > Dear ALL, > > This is the first time am writing something to this group........ > > Coming straight to the point of linear phase IIR Filter design. > > Yes, it is possible to design linear phase IIR Filter. > > To prove above point......lets start with the very basic thing which is > pretty clear to all.....The Linear Phase FIR Filter. > > Here let say A0, A1, A2, A3, A4,.....Ap (0 <= p < N) are the coefficients. > Then......... > > N1 > _ > Yn = \ (Ap * Xnp) > /_ > p=0 > > Taking Z Transform on both sides we have......... > N1 > _ p > Y(z) = \ [ Ap * X(z) * z ] > /_ > p=0 > N1 > _ p > H(z) = Y(z) = \ [ Ap * z ] > X(z) /_ > p=0 > > jkw/N > H(w) = M(w) * e .....................Here M(w) is Magnitude response > and other is Linear Phase > response > also k = 0......N1 > > Now lets invert the above equation..... > > jkw/N > Hi(w) = Y(w) = 1 / [ M(w) * e ] > X(z) > > N1 > _ p > Hi(z) = Y(z) = 1 / { \ [ Ap * z ] } > X(z) /_ > p=0 > > N1 > _ p > \ [ Ap * Y(z) * z ] = X(z) > /_ > p=0 > N1 > _ > \ (Ap * Ynp) = Xn > /_ > p=0 > > N1 > _ > A0*Yn + \ (Ap * Ynp) = Xn > /_ > p=1 > N1 > _ > Yn = B0*Xn  \ (Bp * Ynp) ..........Here Bp = Ap/A0 > /_ where 0 <= p < > N > p=1 > > Above equation is a linear Phase IIR. > > Hence, > a LPF in FIR can be represented as a HPF in IIR > a BPF in FIR can be represented as a BSF in IIR > > and vice versa........(As frequency domain response is reversed) > > Hope this explanation suffice your requirement. > > Well thats it!.......this is tirthankar signin off.......till then take care.....BYE > >  > Want to chat instantly with your online friends?Get the FREE Yahoo!Messenger ===== __________________________________ 