Range Doppler of an FMCW Radar.

Started by SenSen 11 months ago125 views

Plotting the Range Doppler of an FMCW Radar developed for Vital Signs.

The FMCW radar with the following parameters was implemented:

%System parametersValue


%Operating frequency (GHz)77

%Maximum target range (m)15

%Range resolution (m)0.037

%Maximum target speed (km/h)30 for fall detection

%Sweep time (microseconds)50

%Sweep bandwidth (GHz)4

%Maximum beat frequency (MHz) 73

%Sample rate (GHz)4.050

A target was simulated with the following parameters(static radar)

dist = 14;

speed = 10*1000/3600; ;%2.77km/h

rcs = 100;

and the Range Doppler image plotted using the phased array functions.

RangeFFTLength = 2048;

DopplerFFTLength = 512;

rngdopresp = phased.RangeDopplerResponse('PropagationSpeed',c,...








The results are as expected.

Interested to get the same results implementing the 2DFFT manually.

For this purpose the following code was used:

Nr = RangeFFTLength;

Nd = DopplerFFTLength;

% 2D FFT using the FFT size for both dimensions.

sig_fft2 = fft2(xr,Nr,Nd);

% Taking just one side of signal from Range dimension.

sig_fft2 = sig_fft2(1:Nr/2,1:Nd);

sig_fft2 = fftshift (sig_fft2);

RDM = abs(sig_fft2);

RDM = 10*log10(RDM);

Yielding the following:


The index of the range and velocity are: [518 229].

This yields the following values:



range_max = c*fb/(2*sweep_slope);

distance = ((518-512)/512)*range_max

distance =


This is 3 times larger then the correct value. Why?


Converting the index to the abs value using the following, yields correct value:

vel_max = lambda/(4*tm);

sp = ((293-256)/256)*vel_max

sp =


Seems, however, that the velocity in this case is positive – why? 

The code can be seen below: