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Phasor Notation

The complex amplitude $ {\cal A}\isdef A e^{j\phi}$ is also defined as the phasor associated with any sinusoid having amplitude $ A$ and phase $ \phi$. The term ``phasor'' is more general than ``complex amplitude'', however, because it also applies to the corresponding real sinusoid given by the real part of Equations (1.9-1.10). In other words, the real sinusoids $ A\cos(\omega t+\phi)$ and $ A\cos(\omega nT+\phi)$ may be expressed as

A\cos(\omega t+\phi) &\isdef & \mbox{re}\left\{A e^{j(\omega t...
...hi)}\right\} = \mbox{re}\left\{{\cal A}e^{j\omega nT}\right\}\\
and $ {\cal A}$ is the associated phasor in each case. Thus, we say that the phasor representation of $ A\cos(\omega t+\phi)$ is $ {\cal A}\isdef A e^{j\phi}$. Phasor analysis is often used to analyze linear time-invariant systems such as analog electrical circuits.
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