Interpolation Basics

Neil Robertson

This article covers interpolation basics, and provides a numerical example of interpolation of a time signal. Figure 1 illustrates what we mean by interpolation. The top plot shows a continuous time signal, and the middle plot shows a sampled version with sample time Ts. The goal of interpolation is to increase the sample rate such that the new (interpolated) sample values are close to the values of the continuous signal at the sample times [1]. For example, if we increase the sample rate by the integer factor of four, the interpolated signal is as shown in the bottom plot. The time between samples has been decreased from Ts to Ts/4.