Stretch Operator

Unlike all previous operators, the $ \hbox{\sc Stretch}_L()$ operator maps a length $ N$ signal to a length $ M\isdeftext LN$ signal, where $ L$ and $ N$ are integers. We use ``$ m$'' instead of ``$ n$'' as the time index to underscore this fact.

Figure: Illustration of $ \protect\hbox{\sc Stretch}_3(x)$.
\includegraphics[width=4in]{eps/stretch}

A stretch by factor $ L$ is defined by

$\displaystyle \hbox{\sc Stretch}_{L,m}(x) \isdef
\left\{\begin{array}{ll}
x(...
...x{ an integer} \\ [5pt]
0, & m/L\mbox{ non-integer.} \\
\end{array} \right.
$

Thus, to stretch a signal by the factor $ L$, insert $ L-1$ zeros between each pair of samples. An example of a stretch by factor three is shown in Fig.7.6. The example is

$\displaystyle \hbox{\sc Stretch}_3([4,1,2]) = [4,0,0,1,0,0,2,0,0].
$

The stretch operator is used to describe and analyze upsampling, that is, increasing the sampling rate by an integer factor. A stretch by $ K$ followed by lowpass filtering to the frequency band $ \omega\in(-\pi/K,\pi/K)$ implements ideal bandlimited interpolation (introduced in Appendix D).


Next Section:
Zero Padding
Previous Section:
Correlation