### Independent Events

Two probabilistic events and are said to be*independent*if the probability of and occurring together equals the

*product*of the probabilities of and individually,

*i.e.*,

(C.2) |

where denotes the probability of and occurring together.

**Example:**Successive

*coin tosses*are normally independent. Therefore, the probability of getting heads twice in a row is given by

(C.3) |

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