Figures 4.15 and 4.16 show amplitude response and phase delay, respectively, for 4th-order Lagrange interpolation evaluated over a range of requested delays from to samples in increments of samples. The amplitude response is ideal (flat at 0 dB for all frequencies) when the requested delay is samples (as it is for any integer delay), while there is maximum high-frequency attenuation when the fractional delay is half a sample. In general, the closer the requested delay is to an integer, the flatter the amplitude response of the Lagrange interpolator.
Note in Fig.4.16 how the phase-delay jumps discontinuously, as a function of delay, when approaching the desired delay of samples from below: The top curve in Fig.4.16 corresponds to a requested delay of 2.5 samples, while the next curve below corresponds to 2.499 samples. The two curves roughly coincide at low frequencies (being exact at dc), but diverge to separate integer limits at half the sampling rate. Thus, the ``capture range'' of the integer 2 at half the sampling rate is numerically suggested to be the half-open interval .
Order 5 over a range of fractional delays
Orders 1 to 5 on a fractional delay of 0.4 samples