Schroeder Allpass SectionsManfred Schroeder's original papers on the use of allpass filters for artificial reverberation [417,412,152,153] started a lively thread of research which continues to the present. For many years thereafter, digital reverberation algorithms were designed along the lines suggested by Schroeder using delay lines, comb filters, and allpass filters--elements described in Chapter 2. There was even special-purpose hardware developed to implement these structures efficiently in real time . Today, these elements continue to serve as the basis for commercial devices for artificial reverberation and related effects . They are also still typically used in software for artificial reverberation . We will see some examples starting in §3.5 below.
Schroeder's suggested use of allpass filters was especially brilliant because there is nothing in nature to suggest them. Instead, he recognized the conceptual and practical utility of separating the coloration of reverberation from its duration and density aspects. While Schroeder's 1961 paper is entitled ``Colorless Artificial Reverberation,'' there is no such thing as colorless (exactly allpass) reverberation in the real world. However, it makes sense as an idealization of natural reverb. Colorless reverberation is an idealization only possible in the ``virtual world''. In Schroeder's original work, and in much work which followed, allpass filters are arranged in series, as shown in Fig.3.4.
Nested Allpass Filters
Desired Qualities in Late Reverberation