Hi all

I am trying to implement the energy threshold algorithm for voice activity
detection and not getting meaningful values for energy for frames of size wL.

wL = 1784 // about 40 ms (

const double decay_constant = 0.90 // some optimal value between 0 and 1

double prevrms = 1.0 // avoid DivideByZero

double threshold = some optimal value after some experimentation

for (int i = 0; i < noSamples ; i += wL)

{

for (int j = 0; j < wL; j++)

{

// Exponential decay

total = total * decay_constant;

total += (audioSample[j] * audioSample[j]); // sum of squares

}

double mean = total / wL;

double rms = Math.Round(Math.Sqrt(mean),2); // root mean sqare

double prevrms = 1.0;

if(rms/prevrms > threshold)

{

// voice detected

}

prevrms = rms;

rms = 0.0;

}

Please advise what is wrong with the above implementation as rms computed for
every frame is calculated as 0.19.

The other issue is speed as it took about 30 minutes to execute the above.
Currently implemented as O(n2). Working with offline data so not a big deal as
achieving a accuracy is the main objective ut any suggestions to improve
efficiency would be highly appreciated.

Also, would you recommend using other factors like auto-correlation,
zero-crossing rate or energy alone be sufficient.

Following is the summary of the WAV file (only considering clean conversational
speech) i am using:

// WAV file information

Sampling Frequency: 44100 Bits Per Sample: 16

Channels: 2 nBlockAlign: 4 wavdata size: 557941248 bytes

Duration: 3162.932 sec Samples: 139485312 Time between samples: 0.0227
ms

Byte position at start of samples: 44 bytes (0x2C)

Chosen first sample to display: 1 (0.000 ms)

Chosen end sample to display: 1784 (40.431 ms)

16 bit max possible value is: 32767 (0x7FFF)

16 bit min possible value is: -32768 (0x8000)

Regards,

Vineet

# Issue implementing Energy threshold algorithm for Voice Activity Detection

Started by ●May 31, 2011