Even and Odd Functions
Some of the Fourier theorems can be succinctly expressed in terms of even and odd symmetries.
Definition: A function is said to be even if .
An even function is also symmetric, but the term symmetric applies also to functions symmetric about a point other than 0.
Definition: A function is said to be odd if .
An odd function is also called antisymmetric.
Note that every finite odd function must satisfy .7.11 Moreover, for any with even, we also have since ; that is, and index the same point when is even.
Theorem: Every function can be decomposed into a sum of its even part and odd part , where
Proof: In the above definitions, is even and is odd by construction. Summing, we have
Theorem: The product of even functions is even, the product of odd functions is even, and the product of an even times an odd function is odd.
Proof: Readily shown.
Since even times even is even, odd times odd is even, and even times odd is odd, we can think of even as and odd as :
Example: , , is an even signal since .
Example: is an odd signal since .
Example: is an odd signal (even times odd).
Example: is an even signal (odd times odd).
Theorem: The sum of all the samples of an odd signal in is zero.
Proof: This is readily shown by writing the sum as , where the last term only occurs when is even. Each term so written is zero for an odd signal .
Example: For all DFT sinusoidal frequencies ,