A peaking equalizer filter section provides a boost or cut in the vicinity of some center frequency. It may also be called a parametric equalizer section. The gain far away from the boost or cut is unity, so it is convenient to combine a number of such sections in series. Additionally, a high and/or low shelf (§B.4 above) are nice to include in series with one's peaking eq sections.
It is easy to show that both zeros and both poles are on the unit circle in the left-half plane, and when (a ``cut''), the zeros are closer to the axis than the poles.
Again, the bilinear transform can be used to convert the analog peaking equalizer section to digital form.
boost(2,0.25,0.1);The frequency-response utility myfreqz, listed in Fig.7.1, can be substituted for freqz.
function [B,A] = boost(gain,fc,bw,fs); %BOOST - Design a boost filter at given gain, center % frequency fc, bandwidth bw, and sampling rate fs % (default = 1). % % J.O. Smith 11/28/02 % Reference: Zolzer: Digital Audio Signal Processing, p. 124 if nargin<4, fs = 1; end if nargin<3, bw = fs/10; end Q = fs/bw; wcT = 2*pi*fc/fs; K=tan(wcT/2); V=gain; b0 = 1 + V*K/Q + K^2; b1 = 2*(K^2 - 1); b2 = 1 - V*K/Q + K^2; a0 = 1 + K/Q + K^2; a1 = 2*(K^2 - 1); a2 = 1 - K/Q + K^2; A = [a0 a1 a2] / a0; B = [b0 b1 b2] / a0; if nargout==0 figure(1); freqz(B,A); title('Boost Frequency Response') end
Time-Varying Two-Pole Filters
Low and High Shelving Filters