### Simple Linear-Phase Filter Examples

- The example of §10.2.1 was in fact a linear-phase FIR
filter design example. The resulting causal finite impulse response
was left-shifted (``advanced'' in time) to make it zero phase.

- While the trivial ``bypass filter''
is zero-phase
(§10.2.2), the ``bypass filter with a unit delay,''
is
*linear phase*. It is (trivially) symmetric about time , and the frequency response is , which is a pure linear phase term having a slope of samples (radians per radians-per-sample), or seconds (radians per radians-per-second). The phase- and group-delays are each 1 sample at every frequency. - The impulse response of the simplest lowpass filter studied in Chapter 1 was [ ]. Since this impulse response is symmetric about time samples, it is linear phase, and , as derived in Chapter 1. The phase delay and group delay are both sample at each frequency. Note that even-length linear-phase filters cannot be time-shifted (without interpolation) to create a corresponding zero-phase filter. However, they can be shifted to make a near-zero-phase filter that has a phase delay and group delay equal to half a sample at all passband frequencies.

**Next Section:**

Software for Linear-Phase Filter Design

**Previous Section:**

Elementary Zero-Phase Filter Examples